The Eggplant is well adapted to tropical regions, with an optimum growth temperature of 21-29 °C. It prefers little temperature variation.
It responds positively to well-drained soils with a medium texture and good aeration. Moderately deep soils are required, since this crop develops a strong root system that does not spread widely. Aubergine requires large quantities of potassium, and it consumes potassium at a rate approx. 40% higher than nitrogen.